"High Seas Challenge: Maritime Strategy in China, India and Iran"
Today, maritime power and control over the oceans continue to be critical determinants of national power. This power of the fleet is universally recognized, and rising powers are scrambling to enhance their own naval capabilities. However, although this recognition is universal, the approaches to building a coherent maritime force are not. A wide variety of strategies is pursued by the rising powers. We take the cases of China, India, Brazil and Iran.
The project’s primary aim is to model their maritime strategic behaviour, its logic, and its effects on their regions and the globe; all done through a model that tests their actual maritime strategy against an objective strategy built upon realist assumptions:
- What is the maritime strategic orientation/behaviour of each case?
- Does this behaviour diverge from realist expectations, and if so, how exactly?
- What tools can be used to explain and codify the potential divergence?
- What are the implications for the current naval warfare paradigm and the current naval superpower?
This process generates a multilayered theoretical framework based on realism that refines assumptions about rising power behaviour about the role and explanatory power of realism in the changed multipolar environment of the early 21st Century.