On the Cosmopolitan Potential of Democratic Regional Powers - Normative Aspects of the Rise of the Rest
The foundation of the research project on regional powers is the observation of the emergence of multi-polarity in International Relations following the rise of regional powers. Analyzing the contemporary international relations of three democratic regional powers (Brazil, South Africa, India), the dissertation seeks to answer the following questions: whether multi-polarity along with an ever-increasing level of institutional and economic interconnectedness, the diffusion of knowledge and norms, and common global threats – in short: plus the challenges of globalization – does incorporate a particular potential for a more desirable world order? Given the differences in culture and historical heritage Cosmopolitanism presents itself as an adequate body of theory. Thus, the question arises whether regionalism in the current global system forms the basis for a certain “cosmopolitan potential”? Do inter- and transnationally constructed interests and worldviews combined with objectively shared interests potentially lead to an unknown form of international politics – including a cosmopolitan consensus on global justice, democratic governance and the state of law? Or are “realistic” restrictions in the sense of narrow nationalist interest too high for changing global zero-sum-games into positive-sum-games?